Every Dog Breed Explained (Part 1) | WIRED

hi I'm Gail Miller be sure the voice of the Westminster Kennel Club and this is every single breed of dog there are 205 breeds so that we're going to go over so grab your lead your bait and let's head out to the show floor the 205 breeze that we're looking at are all a KC recognized breeds that means the American Kennel Club has deemed these breeds as eligible to show at a KC recognized dog shows such as the Westminster Kennel Club today we have seven groups hound toy non-sporting herding working Terrier and sporting the groups are determined by the original function the dog was bred for we have a couple of them put together in subgroups that's because there's something that relates these breeds in some way it might be country of origin it may be coat texture or may be temperament there are hundreds of breeze across the world that aren't even in the United States but as they become popular in the US that's when they're added to a KC recognition and that's when they can show at dog shows and have to fit into one of these groups hurting their thirty-one breeds in the herding group the herding group is comprised of breeds that were moving livestock from one point to another it might be sheep it might be cattle that is their main goal is to make sure they're helping humans keep their livestock safe and keep them moving originally herding breeds were part of the working group and then in 1983 because there were so many dogs in the working group they split off the herding breeds and formed the herding group the Australian Cattle Dog the Australian Shepherd in the miniature American Shepherd are grouped here because they're all hard-working herding breeds the Australian Cattle Dog originally from Australia is known as a wonderful breed for cattle they're really known to be brave cows are kicking the dogs have to be fast they have to be determined and they cannot be swayed by a kicking the Australian Shepherd actually is a misnomer they're not from Australia they're actually were developed in the western part of the United States by ranchers they're a wonderful hurting dog that has a strong Drive just like the Australian Cattle Dog the miniature American Shepherd is actually just a smaller version of the Australian Shepherd the ranchers wanted something a little smaller is a little more portable and that they could use in quick ways and it's become highly popular with city dwellers the subgroup of the bearded collie and border collie is that they're both from Scotland their Scottish herding breeds and the bearded collie has much more profuse coat they were in a cold temperature whereas the border collie was as the name says on the border of Scotland and England and both of them are great herding dogs but they have very different hurting styles they have a double coat they come in four different colors fawn brown black and blue there's regular grooming with that long coat but they're versatile and they participate in all dog sports this subgroup is what we call the Belgian group so these obviously are all from Belgium but they have different coat textures and they have a different coloring and the reason is they're from different regions in Belgium they would have different needs of coat texture and type based on the terrain based on the weather and the conditions that the dog would be working the Belgian Malinois has become very popular with the police and with military use they can be very focused and highly trainable and very quick to move and very in tune with their handler the Belgian sheepdog is all black there again a very serious-minded dog they're a hard-working dog there are large size though I mean this is the type of thing you have to take into consideration their larger than the Malinois the Belgian tervuren has a double coat as well they often have that reddish color a mahogany color with the black overlay black mask upright ears one thing you notice with all three of these breeds is they don't have a long stride in their gait they have a powerful gait that can go all day and that's a very unique part of these three breeds I'll talk about how the dogs gait differently the gait is how they trot and there's a different trot based on the dogs function sometimes they have to have stilted gate in the back that means they're pushing their a sled dog or a dog that's pulling bone structure is such that they can push easily there are other breeds like herding breeds some that have a lot of extension and their gait and that's so they can cover a lot of ground in a short amount of time then there are other dogs that have a medium stretch of gait the endurance gate so they can continue all day long and work all day long here we have the beauceron we have the barre JP car the Bouvier des Flanders and the Briard and of course these are all very different looking dogs that's because they have different functions that beauceron it's a little more protective very obedient very gentle the bearish ap car has that tousle look it's a very wiry coat they're supposed to be very natural in this show they're not supposed to be trimmed and soft furred they're supposed to be rough-and-tumble the Bouvier des Flandres similar to the Old English Sheepdog was a drover they definitely or on watch could be used as a guardian a flock and home they are also a large size so they could also be used to pull carts if needed and then you have the Briard they are a wonderful herding breeds of French breed known for its upright year carriage which it gives it an interesting look to the face and head shape here we have the cardigan west Corgi and the Pembroke Welsh Corgi as the name implies they're both from Wales the Queen is very well known for having corgis if you look in the head shape the head size the body shape in the front they're very different begin there for livestock mostly cattle having that low center of gravity cow kicks its hoof out back the dog is low and back far enough that it can't get hit another thing that's interesting is both these dogs have the flat head especially the Pembroke has a flat top skull so that if it does get kicked by a cow it won't hurt the dog's skull here we have the rough collie which is the coated one the smooth collie and then the Shetland Sheepdog which isn't a collie but look like a miniature collie oftentimes people think this Sheltie is just a miniaturized collie but it is a separate breed so the collie of course became famous when lassie has TV show and they were actually entered the Westminster Dog Show in the 1800s JP Morgan had his colleagues at our dog show the smooth Holly as the name of is they have a smoother coat the reason is of course temperature you may be in the debris moles of Scotland you don't want to have to worry about that coat getting tangled up so here you have a nice smooth breed if you're a shepherd you don't want to have to worry about grooming your dog you want to make sure your dogs are happy and healthy then there's the Shetland Sheepdog now Shetland Sheepdog is such a trainable awesome breathe that they're in so many different sports they excel in agility obedience you see them everywhere and that's because they want to please their owners like most herding breeds the next subgroup is the Scandinavian breeds and parse these all were herding dogs but they heard in different ways and in different climates that would account for why their size and their coats are different there's the finnish lapland who has a little thicker coat we have the Norwegian woman who is a shorter coat and always a black mask and then we have this Swedish valium was a little lower to the ground because he was working cattle here we have the two Hungarian breeds that are known for being really tough herding dogs they don't take any guff from anybody they may look cute and fluffy but believe me they are serious the Puli head can be corded or not corded and the Pumas characteristic feature is those high gears that are lifted up and looks super cute then they have a very soft coat that's a single coat don't be fooled that is a very serious herding dog the Burger Moscow is known as working very closely with its owner they sometimes can be a little suspicious of others that's what they're originally bred to do is work with the shepherd and to make sure that their flock is safe they have a very thick corded coat it's made of three different types of hair the Kanan dog has a very strong effortless gait and they're known fail to cover ground and an effortless manner Old English Sheepdog is known as a drover which means they weren't necessarily running all day to capture or bring back a loose sheep what they were really used for is keeping the flock together and moving them down the road maybe they're taking them to the market for sale maybe they're moving them to another paddock but it's really just driving the Sheep versus herding the sheep which is a great skill to have the ently Bouguer mountain dog is the smallest of the for swiss breeds the German Shepherd dog has long been a favorite of family and police and military they're very courageous they have an exceptional train ability they're very versatile they're very attentive and what they're most known for is their work ethic they will not slow down on the job they're always ready to go ready for action they were very unique gate and originally they were called a living fence because they would trot around the entire flock to keep it safe what's interesting with the German Shepherd is if they need to then move into action they can switch gears very quickly and become powerful trotters instantly to get to where they need to be they continue to help man in many different capacities even our best in show winner rumor who won in 2017 has now gone on and had litters of puppies she has two puppies right now that have been placed with veterans with PTSD vice landok sheepdog is Iceland's only native dog and they've appeared on their postage stamps they come in two types of coat the the long-haired and the short hand the Polish lowland sheepdog is very similar looking to the bearded collie and they have a very different coat texture there may be some polish lowell in behind the bearded collie several centuries back but they are different breeds and they have different temperaments the Polish lowland is a little more suspicious they're a little more cautious whereas the bearded collie is generally jumping up on people and very out going the per Indian Shepherd is supposed to be shown in a very natural state they're supposed to be rough and rugged they have a harsh coat that is important for the job in the location where they would work they are wonderful breed a great size and they can be in city or country the Spanish water dog has a very curly coat and as the name says that they worked in water and on land is general farm dog many people think that this is one of the original breeds behind many of today's water breeds count the Hound group is the largest group with 32 breeds and these are broken out basically by the scent hounds and the sight hounds so the first subgroup has the Afghan hound the Saluki the oz walk and also the slooghi and these are all breeds that were with desert nomads traveling they were hunting things out in the desert and they are super super fast these are sight hounds they can see a hare a human cannot see and they can go out and be independent hunters work away from the people and bring down that game the first pair of Afghan hounds were brought to United States by Zeppo Marx the Oz walk this breed is a smooth-coated very tall sighthound they're rather aloof is a lot of pounds are but they make wonderful companions when you watch a Saluki go around the ring at the Westminster Kennel Club dog show you'll see an elegant effortless date they have a feathering on their legs and on their ears they're very independent they're very beautiful they're very elegant and dignified the Saluki first will appeared at Westminster in 2017 this is a very fast smooth-coated sighthound that sometimes is hard to say the name but it is a graceful and noble green the next subgroup is the American Fox hound the English Fox had and the Harrier there's slight differences in these three dogs the American Fox hound is taller on leg has little narrower head the English Foxhound is a little sturdier a little thicker has a wider skull and that of course the Harrier is also has more substance but it's smaller overall and so the hunters use these dogs based on where they're hunting and what their needs are so a taller leg dog may be useful if you're going through brush whereas the shorter dog might be when you're on an open field here we have the basset hound the bloodhound and the otter hound and the one thing these three all have in common are the very long hound ears those ears aren't just cute and wonderful to hold there's a purpose the purpose is to bring in scent so when the dog's head is on the ground sniffing and trying to follow a scent the ears actually help collect scent and help the dog follow the otter hand of course is interesting because he's in the water a lot and he has webbed feet for that form follows function these dogs are shaped and have these features based on what their jobs were here we have the beagles the 15 inch and the 13 inch so everyone knows that beagles are so friendly and outgoing that because they are a pack animal and they have to be able to get along with other dogs and people and work for humans together that's part of the reason beagles have always been a favorite in the United States here we have the american english [ __ ] hound the black-and-tan [ __ ] hound the bluetick coonhound the Redbone Coonhound and the treeing walker coonhound and then of course there's the plot hound which is named after a person so the bluetick coonhound is known by the ticking in the coat that means the little dots the little spots and that bluish tone to it it's beautiful coat and then the red bone it's a beautiful red color of varying shades now if you saw the dogs next to each other you'd notice more than just a coat difference they also have different head shapes they have different substance different wound around a bone and that's because it depends on the hunting conditions they would be used in now the dachshunds have a lot of variety because there's two sizes the miniature and the standard and then there's three coat varieties the long hair the smooth coat and the wire hair so there's a little bit of something for everyone and they have different temperaments the wire hair is a more Terrier like these coats are the original hound and so they are more of a hound independent thinker and then the long hairs are a little sweeter I would say a little more I'm wanting to be in your lap companion and that's probably because they're spaniel introduced when the long coat was needed you may ask why do you need three different coats the reason is again it's temperature weather if you have a colder temperature you want a dog that has fur on it so that it can keep hunting and these dogs as they said before are very independent thinkers they were not unlike the herding breeds who worked with man these work with humans but they worked away from them they didn't take direct commands they would go out and find the Badgers the hair and different rabbits and different small game and then they would follow that vermin into the ground under in tunnels they have to be very bold to go in a dark tunnel after a badger and then they would bark until the hunter found them and could get the quarry underground so they're supposed to be bold they're supposed to be barky and they're supposed to be independent thinkers here we have the grandpa say griffall vonda y'all and the petit bus a griffons LD all they're very similar-looking tasseled rough-looking dogs with the long ears obviously the broad is bigger and the petite is smaller but there are other differences the grande it has a lot more girth to it they have a different temperament somewhat again these are pack animals so they're very outgoing and happy and loving dogs they were bred to work with other dogs but it depended on the job if you need a big one use the big one if you need a small one you use the small now the feral hound and the abhi thin hound both like to compete and say their dogs are the ones that are at the entrance of the tombs in Egypt I'm not sure which what it is we don't know they are both ancient ancient breed the pharaoh hound is known to blush and turn a little pink in its cheeks and nose when it's excited or anxious the Chernenko del Etna however is much smaller than the other two but as a very similar outline in that classic look that you see that it looked like it may have been Egypt at some point here we have the Irish Wolfhound the Scottish Deerhound and the borzoi which used to be called the Russian will have these large breeds have greyhound behind them at some point they're very fast they can take down large game they're known for taking down Wolf's elk deer anything of larger size that might be near to the castle or might be a predator of some kind they were there to guard and to hunt with noblemen they've been part of the castle as they said they weren't necessarily out in the barn these were house dogs here we have the greyhound and the whipping they look very similar to each other yet they are very distinct breeds the whippets head is very different shape than the greyhound but they are both wonderful pets they're super fast so if you're going to have one at home you have to make sure you have a yard or always keep them on leave because otherwise if they got away from you they can keep going what's interesting is most greyhound people say that their dogs are couch potatoes in the house they really just like to lounge around but what's outside if they see something they're gonna go after it the Basenji is an African breed with ringtail and it's known as the barkless dog although it does make sounds but it's not known as the typical Barker the new Asian elk hound has a very thick coat and the name is actually a little misleading because they didn't hunt elk they hunted moose the Portuguese Podengo pequenos was a great little family dog they're so fun and feisty and ready for action they're also known as the national dog of Portugal the Rhodesian Ridgeback has become more popular in the United States in the last 10 years they're beautiful outline they're known for that Ridge of fur on their back that goes the wrong direction they're known as being stoic and very brave but you have to be if you're a lion hunter in Africa they were known to keep lions at bay for the non-sporting in the beginning there was the Sporting Group and the non-sporting group and so if you weren't a setter or spaniel you were put into this group the Boston Terrier the Bulldog and the French Bulldog these are all bull dog related breeds and they all have that really cute kind of smushed face a shorter muzzle is what it actually is and for the Bulldogs they were bred in England as bull Bader's the dogs would latch on to the bull and their strong jaws would clamp on and they would release when the owner said release now they're just the cute lovable mascot of many sports teams the French Bulldog of course is very popular part of that is because of its bat shaped ears they also have a very round face they're a sturdy little dog they love to go places they love people they kind of snort and sneeze and something very cute about them that people love here we have the Chinese shar-pei and the Chow Chow both from China these breeds very different coats the shar-pei has almost a sandpaper feel to it and the chow chow generally has a very thick coat and so when you're brushing that dog out you have to make sure you get all the way down to the skin here we have the Bichon Frise and the coton de Tulear the Bichon Frise won Best in Show at Westminster most recently in 2018 that was Fleming at the coton is the Royal dog of Madagascar here we have the Dalmatian and the show Loic squealing now the reason I put these two together is because they're both very popular in their original countries and because they've both become superstars from Disney films the Dalmatian of course is original coach dog who is in 101 Dalmatians and the Xolo was featured in the recent Pixar film Coco here we have the finnish spitz in the keys haand these are both spits breathes meaning they have two upright ears they have a box-like face and the keys on of course has a much thicker coat it's similar to a Chacho in that it's a thick double coat interestingly they have a black mask and looks like they're wearing spectacles and they're called The Laughing Dutchman because when they open their mouth it looks like they're smiling this was a barge dog that was used as an all-round guard dog rat or whatever you needed it for this was an all-purpose dog if you want to bring a finnish spitz into your home make sure you have a fenced yard or keep that dog on leash they're known to want a row here we have the miniature poodle and the standard poodle in the non-sporting group and of course the standard poodle is known for being one of the most trainable and human-like dogs in the dog world sometimes people wonder why their coat is clipped as it is and it's important remember that the standard poodle was originally a water retrieving dog and so the pompons on its joints on its hips and around its vital organs were left on there to help keep the dog warm in chilly water whereas the rest of the coat was removed so the dog would flow through the water easily the miniature poodle is the medium-sized poodle there's the standard miniature and then the toy poodle in the toy group here we have the Tibetan Spaniel and the Tibetan Terrier obviously two breeds from Tibet very different jobs but both of them are known for being Hardy and being very serious breeds the Tibetan Spaniel makes a wonderful City dog there are easy to grew they're easy to transport so the Tibetan Terrier and the show ring has a long thick coat but if you want one as a pet you don't have to keep that long you can clip it back and still enjoy the great features of that breed the American Eskimo was known as a circus stock it's very trainable it's cute it can learn things quickly and they're very popular lots of dog sports the Lhasa Apso is a wonderful lap dog today as it was centuries ago this breed was a guard dog in palaces but also a faithful companion the Lhasa Apso was the first Tibetan breed to be recognized by the American Kennel Club the Lau Ching can come in all kinds of colors they have that feature of the tail over the back but it's a teacup handle they're fun affectionate little breed they're Norwegian Linda Hood has some very unique features they have six toes they have a very flexible neck and all of this is so that they can hunt puffins that's what they were originally bred to do the skipper key is a copy little compact dog all in black always alert and ready to go the Shiba Inu is a very popular breed in Japan and they're gaining popularity in the United States they're quiet and demeanor they're very clean often called cat light [Music] you

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