How to Train a Rescue Dog with Behavior Problems #78

May 20th is National Rescue Dog Day. And in 
honor of that, I thought I would do a podcast   sharing how your next rescue dog, when you 
bring it home, it can be home for life.
  Hi, I'm Susan Garrett. Welcome to Shaped by 
Dog. And don't worry if you have a new puppy   rather than a rescue dog, or even if you are just 
challenged with the dog you've got at home.
  There is something for everyone in today's 
podcast, but it is going to be focusing on   rescue dogs. So, if you're watching this on 
YouTube, go ahead and hit the like button   now in appreciation of rescue dogs worldwide 
and the people who are in any way contributing   to helping these dogs get a better home. Well 
done you. Raising the roof for all of you.
  Personally, I have rescued 
many dogs over my lifetime.   I've rescued several Jack Russells and Border 
Collies. I had a three-year-old Golden Retriever   that was within minutes of being euthanized 
that I rescued from a Veterinary Clinic,   went on to live to be 15 years old and 
had an amazing life with my niece.
  And you probably are aware of the most recent 
rescue dog in my life.

The one and only   Tater Salad, who is a Bulldog x Boston Terrier 
x Pug rescue dog. And I'm going to tell you   all rescue dogs, kind of like all 
dogs, they come with behavior issues.
  And with rescue dogs, it might 
be one or many behavior issues.
  But there is one thing that people do that 
contributes to this that actually is the biggest   mistake you can make if you have a rescue dog.
And that is this, you get one chance, you know,   if you heard that expression ‘You get one 
chance to make a first impression.’ Well,   with our dogs, we get one chance to establish 
what's appropriate behavior in this home.   It's the one chance to set up clear boundaries.
And honestly, those clear boundaries or rules are   telling this new dog that “You don't 
need to look after yourself anymore,   bud. We've got your back. We've got it.”
So, the one thing that people do, the biggest   mistake people do when they get a rescue dog 
is they give them way too much freedom.
  All of this freedom allows them to continue 
to rehearse these behavior challenges. And the   behavior challenges are likely why somebody said, 
“Ah, you're out of here.” in the first place.   You want to set that dog up for success by 
creating a way to stop these patterns.
  And too much freedom will also allow that dog to 
create new inappropriate patterns.

So, we want to   eliminate all that. And I want you 
to be aware that with rescue dogs,   there is something called a honeymoon period.
Now a honeymoon period generally lasts two weeks,   but it can last a little bit longer depending 
on the dog and how much confidence there is   deep down. During that honeymoon period, 
you are not meeting the real dog.
  It's like they are self-protecting until they 
really figure out how safe this place is.   But what happens is people get this rescue dog 
home who is self-protecting and so trying not   to do anything that might tip somebody 
over the edge, and they think, “Well,   why would this dog have been rescued? This 
is a great dog. This is such a nice dog.   Let's just let him have all the freedom.”
“You could have all the house to yourself.   You could do anything you want.” And 
it might work out at first for you.   But when the honeymoon is over, the dog has 
already learned how to order its own takeout   because you've given him all this freedom.

And now you're going to say, “Oh, but you're   ordering for everyone on the block. Oh, but 
now you're doing things I really don't like.   And so, I'd like to reel that in.”
But that is going to be tough because   this rescue dog is now established 
rules in the new home. So, how are   we going to change all that? I've said this in 
so many podcasts, but I can't say it enough.
  The reasons dogs misbehave, dogs do 
what is reinforcing, that's it.
  And so, when you get this dog into your 
home, what you've got to do is you've got   to stop or avoid the dog rehearsing any 
inappropriate behavior because that is   adding to the reinforcement bank account, which 
means they're going to repeat the behavior.
  So, what you want to set up is an 
environment of zero rehearsals.

And   I know that might be tough. There might be a lot 
of behavioral challenges you're dealing with.
  Let me just share what Tater Salad was like when 
he came into this home. Now Tater Salad came here,   he was fifteen months old. 
He's three and a half now   so he's been with us a little over two years.
When he came, he had zero name recognition   and zero recall. He just loved what he loved 
because he was allowed to earn and figure out   things were reinforcing a way.
And so, if he got out of his backyard,   if he snuck out of the door, it was incredibly 
difficult for them to get him back. At first,   he would come back for the bribe of some food, 
but it was incredibly like panic stations   because he would run, he was gone.
So, zero recall, zero name recognition   because he ended up being bound to this house.
His favorite game was keep away whether it was a   pair of socks, whether it was something you 
didn't want him to have.

One time he found   a big stick and brought it into the house 
and then tried to play keep away with that   like there was no such thing as a retrieve. 
It was, ‘This is mine. You come and get it.’
  He was turfed out of two daycares 
because he didn't have the social   skills to appropriately play with other 
dogs. He would body slam or bulldoze   them for whatever reason. That was just how he 
had learned to communicate with other dogs.
  He used humans as a chew station. This was 
one of the things that drove me cray-cray.   He would take a toy or chew bone. If you were 
sitting on the couch, he would walk up to you and   press it against your leg. Now, remember Bulldog 
cross – so he really didn't – his lower jaw came   so far out past his top jaw that he couldn't 
really hang on to those toys very well so he would   push them against people and chew on them.
And if you were sitting on the couch, he would   jump on the couch and maybe push against your 
arm or push against any body part he could find   for that to be the human chew station.

Now he 
also was what we would call the nail trim demon.
  He was demonic. Like if you even hinted at 
the possibility of cutting his toenails,   he went stark raving— I mean, we just couldn't 
do it. It was impossible. I mean, we considered,   should we, we didn't want to take him to the vet 
and have him put out so he could cut his nails   were quite long, but it was impossible. 
There was zero way it was happening.
  Okay. When they tried to leash walk, they used a 
prong collar, just a plastic prong because they   didn't really want to hurt him, but they had no 
control over him, and they thought that might   control.

So, they stopped walking him when 
he got bigger, they just— he's 50 pounds   now. When he came here, he might've been about 
40 something, but they couldn't walk him. So,   there was no more leash walking. Right.
He had this game that we like to call “the   boat anchor with teeth”. And this is what he 
would do, whether he was walking on a leash or   he was around the house and you wanted to him to 
go in his kennel for example, or if he was walking   and he wanted to sniff someplace you didn't want 
him to sniff.

He would throw himself on his back,   become a 50-pound boat anchor, and then bite 
at your hands as they came in for you.
  Now, this was a really cool gig that he learned 
people would let go of his collar and give up   and let him have his own way. He got really, 
really good at the boat anchor with teeth. He   would rehearse it daily with us. Now, the game 
of the human chew station, if the human chew   station wasn't home that just turned into, ‘I 
would chew the seats off of the kitchen seats,   the cushy parts of the seats.’ He started by 
just chewing those off. And then he would chew   the bottom, the wooden part. He liked to chew wood 
and chewed glasses, whatever he found really.
  Eventually he chewed three living 
room sofas. All sofas like exploded   that sort of thing. And he also had this weird 
habit of jumping into cars, like any door,   even a trunk, if it was open, he was jumping in. 
He was obsessed with, he loved greeting people,   but obsessed with getting in cars.
Okay. So, all of these behavior challenges,   I remember when we picked him up, we're 
getting the car and Kim looked at me and said,   “What have I gotten myself into? Because 
initially Tater Salad was going to be   Kim's dog – and he is half Kim's dog – so, Kim 
works here and lives here Monday to Thursday.
  And then Friday to Sunday she goes home and 
lives with her husband and her other dog   who doesn't happen to like Tater Salad.

And 
so, Tater just lives here all the time now.   So those were the behaviors that we started 
with. And now what is the key to make that   get better? How do we stop that reinforcement, 
Susan? How do we make it all go away?
  Well, you have to be patient. You absolutely 
have to be patient. But I'm going to share with   you the five keys that I found to having 
success when you're rescuing a dog.

  Number one, just like when you get a new 
puppy, you need to ideally if at all possible,   plan to be home.
Take a week or two weeks   off that you can be home and help establish 
the new schedule for that puppy. And right now,   we're all in lockdown here with this pandemic 
being home for a week or two or a month or a year   is not so difficult, but let's not go there.
So, you want to be home. Number two,   you want to plan to come up with a new name.
Tater Salad’s name was Samson. The name Samson   was associated with when you hear this name run in 
the opposite direction. When you hear this name,   grab what you've got in your mouth and take off. 
When you hear this name, do not come when you're   called.

When you hear this name—. So we wanted to 
leave all the baggage of that name in the previous   home. And the new name, Tater Salad is associated 
just with joy and good things happening.
  Right. So, please, please, please regardless of 
you know the history, plan to change the dog's   name. Okay. Now, before you get your dog, 
you're going to prepare the environment.
  You need to select a Veterinarian. If 
you don't have another dog in the house,   you might not already have a 
relationship with a Veterinarian.
  So, look at the Veterinarian Clinics in the 
neighborhood. And if possible, go and meet them,   again if that's possible and select a Veterinarian 
that is going to be your— and when you get that   dog home, one of the first things I'd like to do 
is get them checked by a Veterinarian. Okay.
  Set up your gated community. I've talked about the 
gated community here on the podcast before.
  An ex-pen, with a rescue dog I would for sure 
have a lid on that ex-pen and I would have   things that they can't chew inside that until 
they prove that they aren't going to chew.

  Now, if they come with a history and 
you know, like we knew with Tater   that things are going to be exploding, then we 
would put things like that we didn't care that   if he chewed them or that couldn't be chewed.
So, there are beds you can buy that the dogs   actually couldn't chew. And Tater actually 
didn't and if we ever saw him chewing on the bed,   we would take it out. And so, he was supervising, 
he actually learned to never chew on beds.   If you chew on the bed, it comes out of that 
ex-pen.

And when he would go into his kennel,   his crate, he had just a blanket and they said 
he never ever chewed on that blanket. Okay.
  So, your gated community, you want to 
buy a head halter, a leash, a harness.
  Now we're going to condition the dog to 
the head halter. That's going to be huge   for our rescue dogs, but you're not going to just 
slap it on them to begin with. You're going to use   probably a harness to walk them about at first.
Crates, you know, go on Facebook marketplace or   the thrift shop and you can buy used crates. 
You're going to need more than one. You're   going to need one in the car and you're going to 
need one in your kitchen, one in your bedroom.   Then you can, you know, move one of them around 
if you want to but unless you've got a little dog,   I wouldn't be dragging crates around.
Okay.

pexels photo 6568478

Plan for the best quality dog food   you can afford and a variety of different 
treats. Okay. So that will get you going.
  The next thing, this is number four, 
is plan a daily schedule. And within   that schedule, you want to plan socializing.
So, you want to, you know, even if the rescue   has said this dog's good with cats, please don't 
take anything at face value.

You want to do your   own investigation and get your own understanding 
of this dog. And remember I said, we got that   honeymoon period for the first two weeks.
So, what they might appear like don't release   some of the boundaries that you've established for 
this dog until you really are confident that you   know what they are brilliant with cats.
So, in your daily schedule, you want to   include socializing with other dogs in the 
house, with other animals in the house,   whatever other pets you might have, with 
children, if you don't have them, see if you can   borrow some or have them come visit, you 
want to socialize with different adults.
  So just, we want to, right now we're investigating 
in this period.

Right. To socialize. So,   if we want to socialize of course we want to 
train. We want to exercise. We want to create   established set feeding times and we want 
to— and they don't have to be exact mine,   my dogs get fed in a ballpark.
And you really want to establish chill times.   So, times when ‘we are sleeping or when 
you're chilling out, you can have a bone,   you can— but I'm not here to entertain you’.
Okay. And we want to see if that rescue dog   has any anxieties that we need to work on. So 
that's planning a schedule will help with those   anxieties, but don't leave things 
like this up to chance, right?
  You want to treat this rescue dog like 
it's a brand-new puppy and we have to   put the education in them that we really 
are intentionally want that dog to have.
  All right. Next thing. Number five, this is 
important is your journal. The first four,   let's say four to six pages of the journal, you're 
going to take, put index.

And in that index,   you'll write the page number and the topic. 
And then you can go to the end the date. Then   you can go in and review what you've done.
The back of the journal, I want you to leave   two or three pages for goals and you can 
start right now. What are your goals for   your life with this dog? What's that going to 
look like? Don't be in a hurry to jump ahead.   And when you get your rescue dog, take him out to 
the park or take them to the beach right away.
  Leave a few days to get to know each 
other before you start taking them out in,   and then don't take them out into big crowds, but 
you could write the goals of what that looks like   and then work towards getting there. So, the 
back two or three pages are your goals.
  Right after your index you're going 
to write a topic that going to be   what I've got, and this you're probably going 
to need, I don't know, six or eight pages,   and you're just going to write down and describe 
some of the challenges that you're getting.
  The rest of the pages are for you to document 
and write down the training that you're doing.   Okay.

So, the things that, the list for Tater 
Salad, I've already read it, right? We needed to   work on the recall. We needed to work on retrieve. 
We needed to work on the not biting. We needed to   work on proper social behavior with other dogs.
So, what you've got is important and we know what   we want. Those are our goals. You've got to be, 
get real, get honest, let the dog show you who   they are.

And when they tell you believe them.
Those are the five keys that have created the   framework for Tater Salad’s transitions.
Be home, change that name, create an   environment where the dog can be successful, 
plan for routines throughout the day, and   journal what you're doing.
That is the framework   that catapulted success for Tater Salad.
In two years, he has become a model   citizen for all rescue dogs to try to aspire 
to. He does not run off with items that he   picks up. If you see he has potentially has 
something in his mouth he shouldn't have you   just say “Tater Salad, ‘Bring Me’” and he 
brings whatever he's got over to you.
  You're out walking, and you call his name he 
turns, and he runs the vast majority of the time.   Is he perfect? Not quite, but he's pretty darn 
close. He has never chewed any inappropriate human   thing in our house. He loves to chew bones, 
but he does not push his bones up against   human beings.

He chews bones in his bed where 
he knows he's supposed to chew his bones. We   almost never see the canine biting boat anchor.
And when we do, it's kind of funny because it   brings us back to the day when he arrived, when 
we used to see it probably 10 or 20 times a day.   You know, we might see it once a year now. 
It's called resurgence, it’s kind of funny.
  He's a dog who when anybody who visits 
our house, that's the dog they're like,   “I would like to take this dog home with me.” 
He's just a fun engaged dog. And he is the model   citizen for getting your nails trimmed. The 
worst case I've ever seen to now the best dog,   he adores having his nails trimmed. He comes 
running when he hears the Dremel fire up.
  And he's a model citizen for walking on leash. 
You could walk him out anywhere and he's happy   to ignore any distractions as he walks beside 
you. So, what a cool turnaround.

Did it happen   overnight? Absolutely not. But it happened 
within the framework of those five keys that I   shared with you. And while you're journaling, your 
goal is to create clarity daily for that dog.
  You know, Brené Brown says, “Clarity is kind.” 
And you want to create success for that dog by   empowering him with the gift of choice. Now, it 
all begins for us with a game ItsYerChoice.

You've   heard me talk about ItsYerChoice here on this 
podcast over and over and again, but honestly   that is the gateway to an amazing life for 
any dog, but in particular rescue dogs.   Because let's face it, they've been making 
a lot of choices throughout their life.
  They have just been inappropriate choices, running 
away, not coming when called, playing keep away,   you know, biting at their owners, whatever it is, 
it's been their choice. What we have to do is help   them to create clarity to see when you make good 
choices, amazing things happen. And ItsYerChoice   is that first step where the dog can go, “Oh, a 
weight's been lifted. I don't have to fight you.   We can work together on this.”
And if you would like to know   more about ItsYerChoice, I have an ItsYerChoice 
Summit, and I would like to gift it to you.

If   you have a rescue dog, this is the best place to 
start. If you have a new puppy, this is another   amazing place for you to start.
If you're challenged with your dog,   if you may have been playing ItsYerChoice but 
you're not seeing it transfer into your everyday   life then be my guests and join me. Go through the 
games in the ItsYerChoice Summit. Learn how this   starts as just a party game to wow your friends 
and turns into a way of life for your dog.
  If you're interested in that, just go to the show 
notes. If you're listening to this, check out the   show notes and click on the link, and that will 
take you to the ItsYerChoice Summit. And you will   see light bulbs go on. And I promise you what's 
happened with us with Tater Salad, it is possible   for everybody. You really just have to know what 
you want and keep cataloging on what you've got.   And finally, I'd like to invite you 
to focus on the awesome.

You know,   especially when we have a rescue dog, there 
is the, what we know about that dog's history   and what we imagine about that dog's history.
So, focus on, “Hey, this is my rescue dog.   He's got a sort of past, but man, this is why 
he's awesome.” Talk about how awesome he is.
  Let yesterday be over with. It's in the past. 
It's the history. Don't go there. And finally,   I'd like to ask you to share this podcast with 
anybody you know who is struggling with their dog.   With anybody you know who's planning on 
getting a new puppy or a new rescue dog.
  Share this podcast because I want people to know 
let's believe in what's possible for our dogs,   rather than looking at a dog like Samson 
the Bulldog cross, who came into this home   with nine behavior challenges that 
most people would have said, “Oh,   you're going to have to keep that dog on leash 
for the rest of his life.” We all have choices.   We can hang out and hope that our dog's going to 
get better.

That was the approach Tater Salad,   AKA Samson's owners tried to take, didn't work.
You could manage that dog for the rest of your   life, so they never get the freedom to choose 
to be wrong. They're always in a crate.   They're always tied up. They're always on a leash 
or a long line. They're never given that freedom.   Or you can do what we did with Tater. We managed 
and trained until we could allow that dog to have   more freedoms because he was so well trained.
Please share this podcast. And if learning more   about what we did with Tater is of interest 
to you, just leave me a comment. And maybe   in the future I'll share some of those 
foundational videos of what life was like   when he first came into this home and we were 
dealing with all of his lunatics. Okay.
  So that's it for today for Shaped by Dog. 
Remember if you're watching this on YouTube,   please like this video, subscribe to our channel 
and leave me a comment if you'd like to see more   talking about turning things around for our rescue 
dogs.

I'll see you next time on Shaped by Dog..

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